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Prostate cancer incidence has increased by 16% over the last 10 years, becoming the most common cause of cancer death in men. Black men are more than 2  times as likely to get prostate cancer (27% versus 12% of white men) and more likely die from the condition (8% versus 4% of white men). In England, only 65% of prostate cancer cases have recorded a known ethnicity. African Caribbean men are more likely to present with prostate cancer at a younger age than expected (approximately five years earlier). Black men are Increasingly diagnosed in the late 50’s to early 60’s age group.

 Prostate cancer is recognised as a type of cancer that can affect more than one close male family member. Diagnosis under the expected age is more likely in families affected. Keeping a record of the number of family members affected and their age at diagnosis is important for both family members and health services. Prostate cancer is treatable and successful treatments in the UK continue to improve.

prostategland 500The prostate gland is wrapped around the tube from the bladder and is normally the size of a walnut. It gradually increases in size as men age and this can squeeze the tube from the bladder and interrupt or even stop the flow of urine. A significant number of men over the age of 50 will experience symptoms associated with enlargement of their prostate gland, also known as BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia). This may lead to problems when passing urine. Pain when ejaculating or urinating may be a BPH symptom, but this is less common. BPH is not cancer and it has not been found to increase the risk of prostate cancer.

Inflammation or infection of the prostate gland (prostatitis) can also cause symptoms that are similar to those of prostate cancer. Prostatitis is more likely to affect younger men (Age 30-50). It can cause stinging when passing urine and pain between the lower back and testicles. The majority of men with urinary problems do not have prostate cancer, but some men with prostate cancer may also find they have additional conditions like BPH or less commonly, prostatitis. Some men with prostate cancer may have no symptoms, but all men over 50 should be aware of their increased risk.

A few common symptoms that are worth a discussion with your doctor or another qualified health professional are:

  • Problems passing urine (peeing) indiansovaldi.com
  • Weak flow
  • Needing to pee more often
  • Bladder feels like it is not fully emptied
    Difficult when starting to pee
  • Dribbling pee , and
  • Having to rush to the nearest toilet

Less common Symptoms

  • Pain when peeing
  • Pain when ejaculating
  • Pain in the testicles, and
  • Stinging sensation when peeing.

Other symptoms

  • New abnormal persistent pain in the lower back, hips or pelvis
  • Cannot get or keep an erection, and
  • Blood in the urine or semen (unusual)

If you are affected by any of the above symptoms, make an appointment to a Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment or with your doctor and request a PSA test. Emphasise to your GP the fact that black men are more 2 times as likely to be diagnosed with the disease than white men; don’t be put off! Insist on an assessment.

Most men are more likely to have a non-cancerous condition, like BPH, than prostate cancer.