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prostategland 500The prostate gland is wrapped around the tube from the bladder and is normally the size of a walnut. It gradually increases in size as men age and this can squeeze the tube from the bladder and interrupt or even stop the flow of urine. A significant number of men over the age of 50 will experience symptoms associated with enlargement of their prostate gland, also known as BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia). This may lead to problems when passing urine.

Pain when ejaculating or urinating may be a BPH symptom, but this is less common. BPH is not cancer and it has not been found to increase the risk of prostate cancer.

Inflammation or infection of the prostate gland (prostatitis) can also cause symptoms that are similar to those of prostate cancer. Prostatitis is more likely to affect younger men (Age 30-50). It can cause stinging when passing urine and pain between the lower back and testicles. The majority of men with urinary problems do not have prostate cancer, but some men with prostate cancer may also find they have additional conditions like BPH or less commonly, prostatitis. Some men with prostate cancer may have no symptoms, but all men over 50 should be aware of their increased risk.

A few common symptoms that are worth a discussion with your doctor or another qualified health professional are:

Less common Symptoms

  • Pain when peeing
  • Pain when ejaculating
  • Pain in the testicles, and
  • Stinging sensation when peeing.

Other symptoms

  • New abnormal persistent pain in the lower back, hips or pelvis
  • Cannot get or keep an erection, and
  • Blood in the urine or semen (unusual)

If you are affected by any of the above symptoms, make an appointment to a Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment or with your doctor and request a PSA test. Emphasise to your GP the fact that black men are more 2 times as likely to be diagnosed with the disease than white men; don’t be put off! Insist on an assessment.

Most men are more likely to have a non-cancerous condition, like BPH, than prostate cancer.